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Terminology used in Golf


Golf has special vocabulary that you must understand to play the game.  The terms that you will hear during any given golf match will include:

Ace (hole in one): Getting the ball into the hole with only one shot.

Albatross: A hole played three shots under par.

Any small object used to mark where a player's ball is on the green.

Back nine: Holes 10 through 18 on a golf course.

Birdie: A hole played one stroke under par.

Bogey: A hole played one stroke over par

Caddie: A person paid to carry a player's clubs and offer advice.

Cart:  A vehicle used to transport players from hole to hole or a Hand-pulled cart with wheels used to carry a bag of clubs.

Chip: A short shot that travels through the air over a very short distance and rolls the rest of the way to the hole.

Clubhouse: The recreational center of the course where golfers can gather information, socialize or purchase equipment.

 A chunk of grass that comes out as a result of the clubhead hitting the ground several inches before the ball. Players are required to repair divots usually with a tee or a divot tool.

Double Bogey: A hole played two strokes over par.

Double Eagle (or Albatross): A hole played three strokes under par.

A hole played in two strokes under par.

The short grass on the hole between the tee and the green.

Fore: "Fore!" this golf terms is shouted as a warning when it appears possible that a ball may hit other players or spectators.

Front nine: Holes 1 through 9 on a golf course.

Green or putting green: The area of specially prepared grass around the hole, where putts are played.

Hazard: Physical part of the course such as water or sand, where it is very difficult to play the ball.

Interlocking grip:
Grip style where the pinkie finger of the right hand is hooked around the index finger of the left.

Line: The expected path of the ball to get into the hole.

Mulligan: Is a retaken shot after a bad shot, (usually off the tee). It is not allowed by the rules and not practiced in tournaments, but sometimes used when friends are just playing socially in casual rounds, especially in the United States.

Par: An abbreviation for "professional average result". Par is the number of shots (Stroke) it should take a golfer to get the ball in the hole.

PGA: Any Professional Golfers' Association.

Pitch: A short shot typically from within 50 yards.

Pro: Professional golfer or person who plays or teaches golf for money.

Putt: A shot played usually with a putter on the green.

Putter: A golf club with a very low loft used to makes the ball roll.

Rough: Grass that borders the fairway, which is normally taller than the fairway.

Hitting the ball toward the hole.

Short game: Putting, chipping, pitching, and bunker play are all part of the short game; these shots usually take place on or near the green.

Teeing ground:  
Area where the first stroke for each hole is made