The game of
Lacrosse is physical. Rules have been established which are
intended to protect safety of players and maintain control over
must have a minimum of two officials; a referee and an umpire.
There may also be a field judge and a chief bench official.
Decisions regarding third and fourth officials are made by the
organization hosting the game.
It is the coach's
responsibility to teach and instill in each player that they are
expected to be physical, but not violent. They are required to
play with mental and physical control
The NCAA has
put forth a comprehensive series of regulations and penalties
for infractions. Following is a brief summarization of some of
the major and common rule violations.
are infractions of a serious nature, which carry
suspension from the game for periods ranging from a minute to
three minutes, depending on the severity and intent of the
infraction. The penalty's length is determined by the officials.
A Cross Check
is a check by one player on another with the part of the stick
between player's hands.
occurs when a player swings his/her stick at an opponent in
a deliberate, vicious, or
reckless fashion, or when the stick
comes in contact with any area of opponent other than on
their stick or gloves, unless
opponent is actively attempting to deflect a legitimate check
part of their body. Slashing also
occurs when the stick of a player strikes any part of an
opposing player's body above the
neck, unless when done by a player in the act of shooting,
passing or scooping the ball.
Body Checks occur when checking a player not within 5 yards
of the ball, a late hit,
contact from behind or above the
shoulders or below the waist. This also occurs when a body
check is thrown on an opponent who
does not possess the ball, or when an avoidable body
check of the opponent is made after
the opponent has made a shot or pass.
is obstructing an opponent at or below the waist with any part
of the stick or body. If
a player makes a legitimate check
with the stick to dislodge the ball from an opponent's stick and
subsequently the opponent trips over
his/her own or the checker's stick, this is not tripping.
Unnecessary Roughness occurs when a player uses unnecessary
and deliberate violent contact on an opposing player or is an
infraction of the rules by being excessively violent when
holding or pushing.
Unsportsmanlike Conduct occurs
when a person who represents a team attempts to argue with or
influence the decision of a game official, using threatening,
profane, abusive, or obscene language or gestures during the
game; or baits, taunts or acts in a manner considered
unsportsmanlike by a game official..
Illegal Crosse is the use of a
crosse which does not conform to NCAA rules and standards..
Illegal Gloves are gloves
which do not conform to required standards or when the glove's
fingers and/ or palms have been altered or removed..
Technical fouls are less serious than
personal fouls and are subject to a 30 second suspension from
play of the offending player.
occurs when a player impedes or interferes with an
opponent's stick movement.
Off-Side occurs when there are
more than six players on the opponent's side of the field. This
also occurs when a defenseman crosses
the center line as the ball is being cleared up the field
and all three attackmen and middies
have progressed past the center line.
Warding Off occurs when a
player with the ball uses his/her free hand or any part of
body to hold, push or control the
stick or body of the player applying check.
is when a team intentionally holds the ball without advancing
toward the goal.
Screening occurs when an
offensive player moves into or makes contact with a defender
with the purpose of blocking the defensive player from opponent
Illegal Procedure is a term
that includes touching of the ball by a player other than the
goalie, playing in the game without a stick, use of illegal
equipment, avoidable lateness of the team, placing a stick in an
opponent's face, entering the game prior to expiration of a
penalty, delay of game, more than I 0 men on the field, and
illegal playing out of bounds. (See complete description in NCAA
Interference occurs when one
player interferes with free the movement of an opponent.
Exceptions: when opponent has the ball and a player is within
five feet of opponent, or the ball is loose or on the fly, and
both players are within five feet of the ball.
Pushing is when a player
pushes, thrusts, or shoves an opponent from behind. Pushing is
permitted from the front and sides when an opponent has
possession of the ball or is within five yards of a loose ball.